|Fencing kept out the rabbits and chipmunks, but not voles and pocket gophers|
I finally realized that my attempts to retrofit exclusion just weren't working (rocks kept me from burying the fence underground, and voles just slipped right under like the fence wasn't even there). Pocket gophers were completely undeterred by the above ground fence. It was time to do things right -- even though it would mean a LOT of work!
So, over several weekends, we laboriously dug down about 18". This involved a pickaxe, several shovels, me, my husband, and a strapping young lad. The old cliche about "they don't call this area the Rocky Mountains for no reason" came to mind. All I can say is, thank goodness for young, strong backs -- I'm not sure we would have gotten everything done if it hadn't been for Liam!
After we dug out the beds, we lined everything with hardware cloth.